Domestic Violence Facts

Survivors often return to abusive relationships because they can’t support themselves and their children. It may seem safer than facing a life of grinding poverty."
 

Because abuse often happens behind closed doors, it is important to understand the statistics that show just how many people are affected.

  • 1 in 4 women report experiencing domestic violence in their lifetimes.[1]
  • 2 million injuries and 1,300 deaths are caused each year as a result of domestic violence.[2]
  • All cultural, religious, socioeconomic and ethnic backgrounds are affected by domestic violence.[3]
  • Nearly 2.2 million people called local and national domestic violence hotlines in 2004.[4]
  • More than 1.35 million people accessed domestic violence victim services in 2005.[5]
  • The 2009 Allstate Foundation National Poll revealed
    • Over 75% of Americans believe the recent economic downturn further strained domestic violence victims and survivors.
    • 67% of Americans believe the poor economy has caused an increase in domestic violence.[6]

National Impact

Domestic violence can be devastating to families, but its effect on entire communities runs even deeper.

  • Over $5.8 billion each year is spent on health-related costs of domestic violence.[7]
  • Nearly 8 million days of paid work each year is lost due to domestic violence issues-the equivalent of more than 32,000 full-time jobs.[8]
  • 96% of domestic violence victims who are employed experience problems at work due to abuse.[9]
  • 33% of all police time is spent responding to domestic disturbance calls.[10]
  • 57% of cities cite domestic violence against women and children as the top cause of homelessness.[11]

Domestic Violence & Gender

Domestic violence is an issue that does not discriminate - it can impact people of all genders, races, incomes and ages. But, the vast majority of victims of domestic violence are women.

  • Survivors of intimate partner violence are overwhelmingly female.
    • 84% of spouse abuse victims are women.
    • 86% of victims of abuse by a boyfriend or girlfriend are women.[12]
    • Intimate partner violence against men is overwhelming committed by male perpetrators.[13]
  • Nearly 5.3 million domestic violence incidents occur each year among women in the U.S. ages 18 and older.[14]

Domestic Violence & Economic Abuse

Physical abuse is the type of domestic violence most commonly discussed. But, economic abuse, using finances as a tool of power and control, happens just as frequently.

  • 74% of Americans personally know someone who is or has been abused.[15] However, 75% Americans also fail to connect domestic violence with economic abuse.[16]
  • Approximately 6 out of 10 Americans strongly agree that the lack of money and a steady income is often a challenge faced by a survivor of domestic violence when leaving her/his abuser.[17]

References:

[1] The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institute of Justice; U.S. Department of Justice - Extent, Nature, and Consequences of Intimate Partner Violence; July 2000
[2]The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; Costs of intimate partner violence against women in the United States; April 2003
[3] National Domestic Violence Hotline; Fact sheet on Domestic Violence and Special Populations
[4] National Network to End Domestic Violence; Communities Across the Nation, Lack of Funding for Services for Abused Women and Children; 2004
[5] ;National Network to End Domestic Violence; Communities Across the Nation; 2004
[6] The Allstate Foundation "Crisis: Economics and Domestic Violence" poll, May 2009
[7] The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; Costs; April 2003
[8] The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Injury Prevention and Control; Costs; April 2003
[9] American Institute on Domestic Violence; 2001
[10] National Center on Women & Family Law; Battered Women: The Facts; 1996
[11] The United States Conference of Mayors; A Status Report on Hunger and Homelessness in America's Cities; December 1999
[12] Matthew R.Durose et al., U.S. Dep't. of Justice, Family Violence Statistics: Including Statistics on Strangers and Acquaintances 1, June 2005
[13] Stephan S.Owen & Tod W. Burke, An Exploration of the Prevalence of Domestic Violence in Same-Sex Relationships, 95 Psychological Reports, Aug. 2004
[14] The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention and the National Institute of Justice; U.S. Department of Justice - Extent; July 2000
[15] Murphy Marketing Research, The Allstate Foundation National Poll on Domestic Violence, June 2006
[16] The Allstate Foundation "Crisis: Economics and Domestic Violence" poll, May 2009
[17] Murphy Marketing Research, The Allstate Foundation National Poll on Domestic Violence, June 2006